IFAW (International Fund for Animal Welfare - www.ifaw.org) announced that Mexico has banned the importation and exportation of primates and marine mammals. The decree by the Government of Mexico protects animals and confronts the powerful interests that traffic and exploit these species for profit.
"It is an historic victory for endangered primates and marine mammals, for environmental groups and for the general public," said Beatriz Bugeda, Director of IFAW Latin America. "This decision is critical to conservation policy in Mexico, which was seriously eroded by environmental authorities in recent years."
In 2003, the Department of the Environment and Natural Resources (SEMARNAT) illegally authorized the importation of 28 dolphins from the Solomon Islands to Mexican-based commercial dolphinariums. IFAW carried out an in-depth investigation of the facts and filed several complaints to the corresponding authorities. Biologist Diego Cobo Terrazas, then President of the Environmental Commission of the Chamber of Representatives, also criticized the decision and presented a bill to prohibit importation and exportation of primates and marine mammals - such as whales, dolphins, porpoises, sea lions, seals and manatees.
On January 26, 2006, the Decree, which modified the General Wildlife Act, was published in the Official Journal of the Federation and officially prohibited the "…Importing, exporting and re-exporting specimens of any species of marine mammal and primate, as well as parts or products made from them." The law made an exception for animals authorized by the federal government for scientific research. A portion of the law banned products derived from marine mammals, such as pelts and decorations. This becomes a key tool for IFAW in its historic campaign to abolish Canada's commercial seal hunt.
"Mexico has officially condemned Canada's cruel slaughter practiced within the territory of one of its partners in the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA), and in this context, placing a ban on importing marine mammal products is a strategic step," Ms Bugeda said.